Libya: ICC staff released
Publicerad: 2 juli 2012

Amnesty International
Press release

2 July 2012

Libya: Detention of ICC staff undermines Saif al-Gaddafi’s right to fair trial

Four International Criminal Court (ICC) staff members are reportedly on their way back to The Hague in what Amnesty International has called a welcome end to their unacceptable detention by a Libyan militia for more than three weeks.

Libyan authorities had held the four since 7 June in the remote western town of Zintan after they met Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi – the detained son of former ruler Colonel Mu’ammar al-Gaddafi.

News of their release came as ICC President Sang-hyun Song visited Libya on Monday.

“The release of these four ICC staff members is a very welcome development, but their detention by the Libyan authorities for more than three weeks was totally unacceptable,” said Marek Marczyński, International Justice Research, Policy and Campaign Manager at Amnesty International.

“Not only has it denied them their liberty and stopped them from performing their functions, but it has also undermined Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi's right to an effective defence and delayed the ICC's decision on the Libyan authorities’ recent application to bring him to trial in Libyan courts.”

In early June, authorities accused one of the ICC staffers – Australian lawyer Melinda Taylor – of espionage, alleging she had attempted to smuggle documents to Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi.

Taylor and her colleagues Helene Assaf from Lebanon, Russian Alexander Khodakov and Spaniard Esteban Peralta Losilla remained in the custody of a militia in Zintan until their release on Monday.

During their detention, as part of Amnesty International's
Campaign for International Justice, thousands of activists urged the Libyan government to release the ICC staffers immediately.

“Both the legality of Libya's detention of the ICC staff and the authorities’ allegations against them must be fully investigated in accordance with the appropriate ICC procedures and the results made public,” said Marek Marczyński.

“The ICC’s Pre-Trial Chamber should also review the impact of this detention and take effective measures to ensure that the defence has adequate time and facilities to re-engage in the current proceedings against Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi to determine where he should be prosecuted.”

Amnesty International believes that the ICC staff members’ detention shows that the Libyan authorities are not taking seriously al-Gaddafi’s right to an effective defence, and that he will not receive a fair trial if he is prosecuted in Libya.

“If Libya's application to prosecute Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi nationally is rejected, he must be surrendered to the ICC without further delay,” said Marek Marczyński.

On 5 July, two days before national elections are scheduled to take place in the Libya, Amnesty International is releasing a new report on militias in the country.

The report details how ongoing human rights abuses risk overshadowing this historic moment and propelling the country on the wrong path. Impunity prevails in Libya for unlawful killings, arbitrary arrests and detention, torture including to death and forcible displacement.

Thousands of suspected al-Gaddafi loyalists and soldiers continue to be detained. Many are held by armed militias outside the framework of the law in unofficial detention facilities, where they remain particularly vulnerable to torture or other ill-treatment.

The vast majority of these detainees have not been officially charged with any crime and have no access to lawyers.

Public Document


Please find below an update to the Urgent Action on behalf of the ICC staff members detained in Libya, including a message from Melinda Taylor to everyone at AI who worked for the release of herself and her colleagues.

Further information on UA: 179/12
Index: MDE 19/015/2012 Libya
Date: 10 July 2012


Four staff of the International Criminal Court (ICC) were released on 2 July 2012 after being held in detention in Libya for 26 days after meeting Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi. All four were held by a militia group in the remote western town of Zintan.

The four ICC staff members arrived safely back in The Hague after their release on Monday 2 July 2012 following calls for their release by several governments, as well as the UN Security Council and the Presidency of the International Criminal Court.  

Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi’s appointed defence counsel, Melinda Taylor, alongside interpreter Helen Assaf and two senior representatives of the ICC’s Registry, Esteban Peralta Losilla and Alexander Khodakov, had been authorised by Pre-Trial Chamber I and granted permission by the Libyan authorities to visit him. The purpose of their visit included informing Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi of current proceedings in his case at the ICC and taking his instructions regarding the Libyan government’s current application to challenge the admissibility of the case at the ICC and to prosecute him before Libyan courts. The authorities of Libya accused Melinda Taylor of passing documents to Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi that undermined Libyan national security, and ordered the detention. 

Following her release, Melinda Taylor contacted Amnesty International to express her gratitude and appreciation - and that of her fellow detainees - for the organisation’s work for their release. She spoke of how much these efforts meant to her and her colleagues, and expressed her thanks to the many individuals who had campaigned on their behalf.  

However, both Melinda Taylor and Amnesty International have expressed concerns regarding the impact of these developments on Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi’s fair trial rights. Amnesty International reiterates that deprivation of liberty of the four ICC staff was not only entirely unacceptable, but that it has also undermined Saif al-Islam alGaddafi's right to an effective defense. In addition, it has delayed the ICC's decision on the Libyan authorities' recent application to bring him to trial in Libyan courts.  

In addition to a full investigation of the detention of the ICC staff and the Libyan authorities’ allegations against them – which is currently underway – the ICC's Pre-Trial Chamber I should also review the impact of this detention and take effective measures to ensure that the defence has adequate time and facilities to re-engage in the current proceedings against Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi to determine where he should be prosecuted.  

Many thanks to those who sent appeals on behalf of the four detained ICC staff members. No further action is required from the UA network.  

This is the first update of UA 179/12. Further information: 
Name: Melinda Taylor, Helen Assaf, Esteban Peralta Losilla and Alexander Khodakov 
Gender: female, female, male, male (respectively) 
Further information on UA: 179/12 Index: MDE 19/015/2012 Issue Date: 10 July 2012